From Wikipedia entry for Poḷonnaruwa:

Poḷonnaruwa (Sinhalese: පොලොන්නරුව, Poḷonnaruwa or Puḷattipura, Tamil: பொலன்னறுவை, Polaṉṉaṟuvai or Puḷatti nakaram) is the main town of Polonnaruwa District in North Central Province, Sri Lanka. It contains the royal ancient city of the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa.

The second most ancient of Sri Lanka's kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first declared the capital city by King Vijayabahu I, who defeated Chola invaders in 1070 to reunite the country once more under a local leader.

The Ancient City of Polonnaruwa has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Polonnaruwa is another example of the many sites of Ancient Civilizations that I visited during my travels.

The Polonnaruwa Vatadage is an ancient structure dating back to the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa of Sri Lanka. It was built in the 12th century. It is believed to have been built during the reign of Parakramabahu I to hold the Relic of the Tooth of the Buddha.

The "Velikkara" inscription stone on the left to this building is written in Tamil and explains that the protection of the Tooth Relic was done by a hired Tamil army, even in times of problems between the king and the Tamil.

The Nissanka Latha Mandapaya is a unique structure in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa in Sri Lanka. Built by King Nissanka Malla (1187 - 1196) and named after him, it is located near the western entrance of the Dalada Maluva, the area that contains the oldest and most sacred monuments in the city. A nearby stone inscription identifies this as the building used by Nissanka Malla to listen to pirith (chanting of Buddhist scriptures)

The Hatadage is another temple that was used to house the Tooth Relic. It was also built by Nissanka Malla.

The Galpota Inscription has the shape of a huge palm-leaf manuscript. It is also the work of Nissanka Malla. It is the largest stone inscription discovered so far. It describes the genealogy, heroic and altruistic deeds of the king. It says that the stone itself was transported from Mihintale, some hundred kilometers away.

Rankoth Vehera is the fourth largest stupa in Sri Lanka. It was built by Nissanka Malla of Polonnaruwa, who ruled the country from 1187 to 1196.

The Gal Vihara (Sinhalese: ගල් විහාරය), also known as Gal Viharaya and originally as the Uttararama, is a rock temple of the Buddha situated in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa in North Central Province, Sri Lanka. It was fashioned in the 12th century by Parakramabahu I. The central feature of the temple is four rock relief statues of the Buddha, which have been carved into the face of a large granite rock. The images consist of a large seated figure, another smaller seated figure inside an artificial cavern, a standing figure and a reclining figure. These are considered to be some of the best examples of ancient Sinhalese sculpting and carving arts, and have made the Gal Vihara the most visited monument at Polonnaruwa.

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Polonnaruwa

Large Buddha Statue
Large Buddha statue. (897k)
Royal Palace 12th
Royal Palace (from 12th CE). (960k)
Kumara Pokuna Royal
Kumara Pokuna (Royal Bath). (1087k)
Council Chamber
Council Chamber. (1161k)
Decorations Council Chamber
Decorations on the Council Chamber. (1260k)
Decorations Council Chamber
Decorations on the Council Chamber. (1166k)
Decorations Council Chamber
Decorations on the Council Chamber. (958k)
Shiva Lingam
Shiva Lingam. (806k)
Buddha Statues Inside
Buddha statues inside the Thuparama. (739k)
Polonnaruwa Vatadage
Polonnaruwa Vatadage. (1029k)
Polonnaruwa Vatadage
Polonnaruwa Vatadage. (868k)
Decorations Polonnaruwa Vatadage
Decorations on the Polonnaruwa Vatadage. (985k)
Decorations Polonnaruwa Vatadage
Decorations on the Polonnaruwa Vatadage. (1008k)
Buddha Statue Polonnaruwa
Buddha statue in the Polonnaruwa Vatadage. (643k)
Buddha Statue Polonnaruwa
Buddha statue in the Polonnaruwa Vatadage. (949k)
Nissanka Latha Mandapaya
Nissanka Latha Mandapaya. (837k)
Velikkara Inscription
The Velikkara inscription. (1203k)
Hatadage Temple Said
The Hatadage. Another temple that is said to be used as the Temple of the Tooth. (1096k)
View Into Hatadage
View into the Hatadage. (890k)
Galpota Inscription
Galpota Inscription. (914k)
Satmahal Prasada Purpose
Satmahal Prasada. The purpose of this structure is not known. (1101k)
Oldest Hindu Shrine
The oldest Hindu Shrine in Polonnaruwa from around 1000 CE. (734k)
Nandi Vehicle Shiva
The Nandi, the vehicle of Shiva in front of the temple. (1446k)
Vishnu Temple
Vishnu Temple. (1211k)
Rankoth Vehera Fourth
Rankoth Vehera, the fourth largest stupa in Sri Lanka. (1070k)
Rankoth Vehera
Rankoth Vehera. (726k)
Statue Gal Vihara
Statue at Gal Vihara. (857k)
Statue Gal Vihara
Statue at Gal Vihara. (955k)
Statue Gal Vihara
Statue at Gal Vihara. (886k)
Statue Gal Vihara
Statue at Gal Vihara. (1004k)
Statue Gal Vihara
Statue at Gal Vihara. (1088k)
Lotus Pond
Lotus Pond. (1005k)
Statue King Parakramabahu
Statue of King Parakramabahu. (902k)
Statue King Parakramabahu
Statue of King Parakramabahu. (801k)

This page contains 34 pictures

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Page last updated on Tue Sep 24 18:19:03 2019 (Mountain Standard Time)


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