Wildlife in Indonesia was fascinating, especially the Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra), Sumatran White-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches), and Komodo Dragons (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). I didn't see as much bird life as I would have liked.

The Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) are a critically endangered species. They are endemic to the north of Sumatra, they are rarer than the Bornean Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus, german: Borneo-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Bornéo). There are less than 7000 individuals left. They eat mostly fruits, but will also eat insects and birds eggs. Males are up to 1.4 m (4.6 ft) tall, and weigh up to 90 kg (200 lb). They rarely get to be 50 years old.

The Komodo Dragons (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo) are the largest lizards in the world. They also are a critically endangered species. They are endemic to the Komodo Islands. The can be up to 3 m (10 ft) long, and weigh up to 70 kg (150 lb). They live up to 30 years.

Their main food source are Flores Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis floresiensis, german: Mähnenhirsch, french: Cerf rusa) and wild pigs.

They mate between May and August. In August to September, the females lay on average 20 eggs, usually in abandoned Scrubfowl nests. They guard the nest for a few months, till the rains start and secure the nest. Total incubation is 7-8 months.

Young dragons spend the first few years in trees. While the adults are active, the young ones stay in trees, since the adults are cannibals that eat the young. They come down to forage for food later in the day when the adults rest.

Pictures of birds in Indonesia and other nature pages are separate:

Birds in Indonesia
Indonesia Bird Page
Nature Pages
Other Nature Pages

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Fauna in Indonesia

Termite Nest Tree
Termite nest on a tree. (785k)
Strangely Shaped Termite
Strangely shaped termite nest. (1158k)
Bullet Ants Nest
Bullet ants nest. (1209k)
Ants Marching Leaf
Ants marching on a leaf. (786k)
Colorful Tree Snail
Colorful tree snail. (811k)
Butterflies Drinking Sap
These butterflies were drinking sap from the tree. (868k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (814k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (1055k)
Butterflies
Butterflies. (837k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (690k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (827k)
Colorful Butterfly
Colorful butterfly. (768k)
Cicada Very Loud
Cicada. This one was very loud. (554k)
Large Beetle
Large beetle. (946k)
Cave Cricket Extremely
Cave Cricket with extremely long antennae. (903k)
Cave Cricket Extremely
Cave Cricket with extremely long antennae. (733k)
Cave Spider
Cave Spider. (782k)
Damselfly Order Odonata
Damselfly (Order Odonata (german: Libellen, french: ), suborder Zygoptera (german: Kleinlibellen, french: )). (566k)
Dragonfly Order Odonata
Dragonfly (Order Odonata (german: Libellen, french: ), suborder Anisoptera (german: Großlibellen, french: )). (673k)
Dragonfly Order Odonata
Dragonfly (Order Odonata (german: Libellen, french: ), suborder Anisoptera (german: Großlibellen, french: )). (777k)
Dragonfly Order Odonata
Dragonfly (Order Odonata (german: Libellen, french: ), suborder Anisoptera (german: Großlibellen, french: )). (602k)
Fiddler Crab Uca
Fiddler Crab (Uca sp., german: Winkerkrabben). (997k)
Lizard
Lizard. (613k)
Water Monitor Varanus
Water Monitor (Varanus salvator, german: Bindenwaran, french: Varan malais). (895k)
Water Monitor Varanus
Water Monitor (Varanus salvator, german: Bindenwaran, french: Varan malais) with fish. (964k)
Cat Harassed Water
The cat harassed the water monitor so much that it eventually dropped the fish and fled. (1092k)
Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus
Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus sp., german: Hufeisennasen, french: Rhinolophe). (847k)
Flores Rusa Deer
Flores Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis floresiensis, german: Mähnenhirsch, french: Cerf rusa) and Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier). (822k)
Long-tailed Macaque Macaca
Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier). (642k)
Long-tailed Macaque Macaca
Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier). (637k)
Silver Langur Trachypithecus
Silver Langur (Trachypithecus cristatus, german: Silberner Haubenlangur, french: Semnopithèque à coiffe). (753k)
Female Thomas's Leaf
Female Thomas's Leaf Monkey (Presbytis thomasi, german: Thomas-Langur, french: Semnopithèque de Thomas) with baby. (769k)
Male Thomas's Leaf
Male Thomas's Leaf Monkey (Presbytis thomasi, german: Thomas-Langur, french: Semnopithèque de Thomas). It is endemic to Sumatra. (752k)
Close-up Thomas's Leaf
Close-up of Thomas's Leaf Monkey (Presbytis thomasi, german: Thomas-Langur, french: Semnopithèque de Thomas). (520k)
Moor Macaques Macaca
Moor Macaques (Macaca maura, german: Mohrenmakak, french: Macaque maure) in a tree. They are endemic to the island of Sulawesi. (1215k)
Moor Macaque Macaca
Moor Macaque (Macaca maura, german: Mohrenmakak, french: Macaque maure) feeding in a tree. (974k)
Sumatran Elephants Elephas
Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus, german: Sumatra-Elefant, french: Éléphant d'Asie). Notice that only the male has tusks. Females have no, or only very short turks. (1231k)
Male Sumatran Elephant
Male Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus, german: Sumatra-Elefant, french: Éléphant d'Asie). (1129k)
Male Sumatran Elephant
Male Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus, german: Sumatra-Elefant, french: Éléphant d'Asie). (1172k)
Baby Elephants
Baby elephants. (820k)

Videos of animals

Singing Cicada
Singing cicada. (25.5M)

Komodo Dragons

Komodo Dragon Varanus
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo), Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis, german: Javaneraffe, french: Macaque crabier), and Flores Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis floresiensis, german: Mähnenhirsch, french: Cerf rusa). (1232k)
Komodo Dragon Varanus
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). This one was about 8 ft (2.4 m) long. (1130k)
Komodo Dragon Varanus
Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). This one was about 8 ft (2.4 m) long. (1.7M)
Walking Komodo Dragon
Walking Komodo Dragon. Note the long forked tongue. (1089k)
Female Komodo Dragon
Female Komodo Dragon, digging a nest. (1300k)
Nesting Site Komodo
Nesting site of a Komodo Dragon. (1.8M)
Young Komodo Dragon
Young Komodo Dragon. While the adults are active, the young ones stay in trees, since the adults are cannibals that eat the young. They come down to forage for food later in the day when the adults rest. (1230k)
Close-up Komodo Dragon
Close-up of a Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (994k)
Close-up Komodo Dragon
Close-up of a Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (2.1M)

Videos of Komodo Dragons

Fishing Komodo Dragon
Fishing Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (64.2M)
Walking Komodo Dragon
Walking Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis, german: Komodowaran, french: Dragon de Komodo). (55.4M)
Komodo Dragon Digging
Komodo Dragon digging a nest. (72.9M)

Sumatran White-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches)

From the Sumatran Lar Gibbon entry in Wikipedia:

The Sumatran Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches), also known as the Sumatran White-handed Gibbon, is a subspecies of the lar gibbon, a primate in the gibbon family Hylobatidae. It is endemic to the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. It shares the tree tops with orangutans, which, like the gibbon, rarely come out of the trees due to predators, such as tigers and possibly sun bears.

Sumatran White-handed Gibbon
Sumatran White-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches). It is endemic to Sumatra. (708k)
Sumatran White-handed Gibbon
Sumatran White-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar vestitus, german: Weißhandgibbon, french: Gibbon à mains blanches) with baby. (1346k)

Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra)

From the Sumatran Orangutan entry in Wikipedia:

The Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) is one of the two species of orangutans. It is endemic to the Indonesian island of Sumatra and is rarer than the Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus, german: Borneo-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Bornéo). Its common name is based on two separate local words, "orang" ("people" or "person") and "hutan" ("forest"), and translates as "person of the forest".

Female Sumatran Orangutan
Female Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra). It is endemic to Sumatra. (772k)
Female Sumatran Orangutan
Female Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) with baby. (794k)
Female Sumatran Orangutan
Female Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) with baby. (814k)
Baby Orangutan
Baby Orangutan. (840k)
Male Sumatran Orangutan
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) swinging in a tree. (1216k)
Male Sumatran Orangutan
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) in a tree. (1058k)
Male Sumatran Orangutan
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra) in a tree. (689k)
Male Sumatran Orangutan
Male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra). (793k)
Close-up Big Male
Close-up of big male Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii, german: Sumatra-Orang-Utan, french: Orang-outan de Sumatra). (584k)
Close-up Big Male
Close-up of big male Orangutan. (774k)

Flora in Indonesia

Fungus
Fungus. (1149k)
Fungus
Fungus. (673k)
Mimosa Mimosa Pudica
Mimosa (Mimosa pudica, german: Mimose, french: Sensitive) before I touched it. (745k)
Mimosa Mimosa Pudica
Mimosa (Mimosa pudica, german: Mimose, french: Sensitive) after I touched it. It started to fold up its leaves. (742k)
Flowers
Flowers. (417k)
Flowers
Flowers. (642k)
Flowers
Flowers. (594k)
Decorative Basin Water
Decorative basin with water lilies. (843k)
Water Lilies
Water lilies. (651k)
Hibiscus Hibiscus Sp
Hibiscus (Hibiscus sp., german: Hibiskus). (657k)
Golden Shrimp Plant
Golden Shrimp Plant flower (Pachystachys lutea). (547k)
Sacred Lotus Nelumbo
Sacred Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera, german: Indische Lotosblume, french: Lotus sacré). (587k)
Rattan Calamus Sp
Rattan (Calamus sp., german: Calamus, french: Calamus). It has vicious thorns. (715k)
Bamboo
Bamboo. (1422k)
Lianas Jungle
Lianas in the jungle. (1279k)
Jungle Tree
Jungle tree. (1253k)
Yellow Trumpet Flower
Yellow Trumpet Flower tree (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten). (885k)
White Trumpet Flower
White Trumpet Flower tree (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten). (865k)
Close-up Trumpet Flower
Close-up of a Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten). (697k)
Close-up Trumpet Flower
Close-up of a Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia sp., german: Engelstrompeten). (596k)
African Tuliptree Spathodea
African Tuliptree (Spathodea campanulata, german: Afrikanischer Tulpenbaum, french: Tulipier du Gabon). (991k)
Bodhi Tree Ficus
Bodhi Tree (Ficus religiosa, german: Pappel-Feige, french: Figuier des pagodes) at Candi Mendut. (1038k)
Banyan Tree Ficus
Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis, german: Banyan-Feige, french: Figuier des banians). (1448k)
Mangrove
Mangrove. (1088k)
Palms Along Puteh
Palms along the Puteh River. (1115k)

This page contains 86 pictures with 25 species and 4 movies

Indonesia
Main page for Indonesia

Page last updated on Fri Oct 11 13:43:09 2019 (Mountain Standard Time)


Flora and Fauna in Indonesia on (null)


© Dr. Günther Eichhorn
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