Bangladesh is heavily populated, so nature is only in few places. The most important nature sites that I saw were the Sundarbans, Lawachara National Park, and Baikka Beel.

From the Sundarbans entry in Wikipedia:

The Sundarbans is a mangrove area in the delta formed by the confluence of Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal. It spans from the Hooghly River in India's state of West Bengal to the Baleswar River in Bangladesh. It comprises closed and open mangrove forests, agriculturally used land, mudflats and barren land, and is intersected by multiple tidal streams and channels. The Sundarbans mangrove forest covers an area of about 10,000 km² (4,000 square miles). In West Bengal, they extend over 4,260 km² (1,645 square miles) across the South 24 Parganas and North 24 Parganas districts. Forests in Bangladesh's Khulna Division extend over 6,017 km² (2,323 square miles). The most abundant tree species are Sundri Mangrove (Heritiera fomes) and Blind-your-eye Mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha). The forests provide habitat to 453 faunal wildlife, including 290 bird, 120 fish, 42 mammal, 35 reptile and eight amphibian species. The The Sundarbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

From the Lawachara National Park entry in Wikipedia:

Lawachara National Park is a major national park and nature reserve in Bangladesh. The park is located at Kamalganj Upazila, Maulvi Bazar District in the northeastern region of the country. It is located within the 2,740 ha (6,770 acres) West Bhanugach Reserved Forest.

Lawachara National Park covers approximately 1,250 ha (3,090 acres) of semi-evergreen forests Biome and mixed deciduous forests Biome. The land was declared a national park by the Bangladesh government on 7 July 1996 under the Wildlife Act of 1974.

The main attraction in the Lawachara National Park are the Hoolock Gibbons. Only less than 100 are still living in the park.

In the Sundarbans, the Saltwater Crocodile is endangered.

From the Saltwater Crocodile entry in Wikipedia:

The Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), also known as the estuarine crocodile, Indo-Pacific crocodile, marine crocodile, sea crocodile or informally as saltie, is the largest of all living reptiles, as well as the largest riparian predator in the world. Males of this species can reach sizes up to 7 m (23 ft) in length. However, an adult male saltwater crocodile rarely reaches or exceeds a size of 6 m (20 ft) weighing 1,000-1,200 kg (2,200-2,650 lb). Females are much smaller and often do not surpass 3 m (10 ft).

Pictures of birds in Bangladesh and other nature pages are separate:

Birds in Bangladesh
Bangladesh Bird Page
Nature Pages
Other Nature Pages

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Nature in Bangladesh

Morning Mist Sundarbans
Morning mist in the Sundarbans just before sunrise. (431k)
Sunrise Sundarbans
Sunrise in the Sundarbans. (529k)
Morning Mist Sundarbans
Morning mist in the Sundarbans. (412k)
Channel Sundarbans Morning
Channel in the Sundarbans in morning mist. (852k)
Bay Bengal
Bay of Bengal. (447k)
Sunset Over Rice
Sunset over rice paddies. (494k)
Sunset
Sunset. (510k)
Suset Over Tea
Suset over the tea plantation. (466k)
Evening Ganges Delta
Evening in the Ganges Delta. (522k)
Kaptai Lake Large
Kaptai Lake, a large reservoir. (729k)
Kaptai Lake Large
Kaptai Lake, a large reservoir. (909k)
Sunset Over Kaptai
Sunset over Kaptai Lake. (555k)
Moon Over Kaptai
The moon over Kaptai Lake. (343k)
Moon
The Moon. (487k)
Reflections
Reflections. (481k)
Evening River
Evening on the river. (552k)
Cox's Bazar Beach
Cox's Bazar Beach is the longest natural sea beach in the world running 120 km (75 miles). (625k)
Tetrapods Cox's Bazar
Tetrapods on Cox's Bazar to prevent beach erosion. (661k)
Cox's Bazar Beach
Cox's Bazar Beach. (690k)

Flora in Bangladesh

Showy Rattlebox Crotalaria
Showy Rattlebox (Crotalaria spectabilis). (825k)
Pink Water Lilies
Pink Water Lilies (Nymphaea pubescens). (1216k)
Pink Water Lilies
Pink Water Lilies (Nymphaea pubescens). (645k)
Pink Water Lily
Pink Water Lily (Nymphaea pubescens). (429k)
Red Hibiscus Hibiscus
Red Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, german: Chinesischer Roseneibisch, french: Hibiscus Rose de Chine). (722k)
Tiger Fern Nephrolepis
Tiger Fern (Nephrolepis exaltata). (1267k)
Epiphytes
Epiphytes. (1161k)
Holly Ilex Sp
Holly (Ilex sp., german: Stechpalmen). (1356k)
Grey Milkwood Cerbera
Grey Milkwood (Cerbera manghas, french: Faux manguier). (1164k)
Bamboo
Bamboo. (1250k)
Common Bamboo Bambusa
Common Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris, french: Bambou commun). (1.6M)
Traveler's Palm Ravenala
Traveler's Palm (Ravenala madagascariensis, german: Baum der Reisenden, french: Arbre du voyageur). (1011k)
Mango Trees Mangifera
Mango Trees (Mangifera indica, german: Mango, french: Manguier). (1258k)
Blind-your-eye Mangrove Excoecaria
Blind-your-eye Mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha). (1241k)
Sundri Mangrove Heritiera
Sundri Mangrove (Heritiera fomes). (1.6M)
Sundri Mangrove Roots
Sundri Mangrove roots are narrow. (1180k)
Blind-your-eye Mangrove Roots
Blind-your-eye Mangrove roots are wider. (1051k)
Mangrove Apple Sonneratia
Mangrove Apple (Sonneratia caseolaris), large tree, and Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle, german: Rote Mangrove, french: Palétuvier rouge), smaller tree in the middle. (1175k)
Red Mangrove Rhizophora
Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle, german: Rote Mangrove, french: Palétuvier rouge). (878k)
Wrinkled-pod Mangrove Cynometra
Wrinkled-pod Mangrove (Cynometra iripa). (920k)
Cannonball Mangrove Xylocarpus
Cannonball Mangrove (Xylocarpus granatum). (937k)
Date Palm Phoenix
Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera, german: Echte Dattelpalme, french: Palmier dattier). (1071k)
Mangrove Date Palm
Mangrove Date Palm (Phoenix paludosa). (796k)
Betel Nut Palms
Betel Nut Palms (Areca catechu, german: Betelnusspalme, french: Palmier à bétel). (1145k)
Coconut Palm Cocos
Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera, german: Kokospalme, french: Cocotier). (885k)
Nipa Palms Nypa
Nipa Palms (Nypa fruticans, german: Nipapalme). (809k)
Nipa Palm Fruits
Nipa Palm fruits (Nypa fruticans, german: Nipapalme). (755k)
Fan Palm
Fan palm. (1268k)
Fan Palm
Fan palm. (754k)
Abar Hymenodictylon Excelsum
Abar (Hymenodictylon excelsum). (1251k)
Teak Tree Farm
Teak tree farm (Tectona grandis, german: Teakbaum, french: Teck). (1.7M)
Recent Typhoon Had
A recent typhoon had washed away a lot of the sand, exposing tree roots. (1340k)

Fauna in Bangladesh

Water Snail
Water snail. (752k)
Large Bee Hive
Large bee hive. (943k)
Bee Hive
Bee hive. (969k)
Bee Visiting Flowers
Bee visiting flowers. (729k)
Dragonfly Order Odonata
Dragonfly (Order Odonata (german: Libellen, french: ), suborder Anisoptera (german: Großlibellen, french: )). (776k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (1.8M)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (827k)
Butterfly
Butterfly. (1.7M)
Whole Beach Covered
The whole beach here was covered with small Fiddler Crabs (Uca sp., german: Winkerkrabben). (1029k)
Chipmunks Must Introduced
Chipmunks. These must have been introduced, they are not native to Bangladesh. (951k)
Irrawaddy Squirrel Callosciurus
Irrawaddy Squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus, german: Irawadi-Hörnchen). (767k)
Water Monitor Varanus
Water Monitor (Varanus salvator, german: Bindenwaran, french: Varan malais). (949k)
Olive Ridley Sea
Olive Ridley Sea Turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea, german: Oliv-Bastardschildkröte, french: Tortue olivâtre). (821k)
Asian Small-clawed Otters
Asian Small-clawed Otters (Amblonyx cinerea, german: Zwergotter, french: Loutre cendrée). (714k)
Asian Small-clawed Otter
Asian Small-clawed Otter (Amblonyx cinerea, german: Zwergotter, french: Loutre cendrée). (701k)
Herd Chital Axis
Herd of Chital (Axis axis, german: Axishirsch, french: Cerf axis). (923k)
Female Chital Axis
Female Chital (Axis axis, german: Axishirsch, french: Cerf axis). (1238k)
Male Chital Axis
Male Chital (Axis axis, german: Axishirsch, french: Cerf axis). (909k)
Wild Boar Sus
Wild Boar (Sus scrofa, german: Wildschwein, french: Sanglier). (882k)
Wild Boar Sus
Wild Boar (Sus scrofa, german: Wildschwein, french: Sanglier). (725k)
Female Rhesus Macaque
Female Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta, german: Rhesusaffe, french: Macaque rhésus) carrying a baby. (1011k)
Rhesus Macaque Baby
Rhesus Macaque baby. (839k)
Male Rhesus Macaque
Male Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta, german: Rhesusaffe, french: Macaque rhésus) washing food. (706k)
Northern Pig-tailed Macaque
Northern Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca leonina, german: Nördlicher Schweinsaffe, french: Macaque à queue de cochon du Nord). (577k)
Capped Langur Trachypithecus
Capped Langur (Trachypithecus pileatus, german: Kappenlangur, french: Entelle pileux). (951k)
Phayre's Langur Trachypithecus
Phayre's Langur (Trachypithecus phayrei, german: Phayre-Brillenlangur, french: Semnopithèque de Phayre). (921k)
Phayre's Langur Trachypithecus
Phayre's Langur (Trachypithecus phayrei, german: Phayre-Brillenlangur, french: Semnopithèque de Phayre). (794k)
Saltwater Crocodile Crocodylus
Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus, german: Leistenkrokodil, french: Crocodile marin). (1097k)
Tiger Tracks We
Tiger tracks. We didn't see a tiger, just the tracks. (1458k)
Asian Elephant Elephas
Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus, german: Asiatischer Elefant, french: Éléphant d'Asie). (578k)
Ganges River Dolphin
Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica, german: Gangesdelfin, french: Sousouc). (72k)

Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock, german: Westlicher Weißbrauengibbon, french: Gibbon hoolock occidental)

From the Western Hoolock Gibbon entry in Wikipedia:

The Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. The species is found in Assam, Mizoram, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River.

Like other gibbons, Hoolock Gibbon pairs produce a loud, elaborate song, usually sung as a duet from the forest canopy, in which younger individuals of the family group may join in. The song includes an introductory sequence, an organising sequence, and a great call sequence, with the male also contributing to the latter (unlike in some other gibbon species).

In India and Bangladesh it is found where there is contiguous canopy, broad-leaved, wet evergreen and semi-evergreen forests dipterocarpus forest often mountainous. The species is an important seed disperser; its diet includes mostly ripe fruits, with some flowers, leaves and shoots.

There are numerous threats to Western Hoolock Gibbons in the wild, and are now entirely dependent on human action for their survival. Threats include habitat encroachment by humans, forest clearance for tea cultivation, the practice of jhuming (slash-and-burn cultivation), hunting for food and “medicine”, capture for trade, and forest degradation.

Over the last 30–40 years, Western Hoolock Gibbon numbers are estimated to have dropped from more than 100,000 (Assam alone was estimated to have around 80,000 in the early 1970s) to less than 5,000 individuals (a decline of more than 90%). In 2009 it was considered to be one of the 25 most endangered primates, though it has been dropped from the later editions of the list.

03325
Male (right) and female (left) Western Hoolock Gibbons (Hoolock hoolock, german: Westlicher Weißbrauengibbon, french: Gibbon hoolock occidental). (657k)
03359
Female Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock, german: Westlicher Weißbrauengibbon, french: Gibbon hoolock occidental). (744k)
03313
Male Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock, german: Westlicher Weißbrauengibbon, french: Gibbon hoolock occidental). (837k)

This page contains 85 pictures with 39 species

Bangladesh
Main page for Bangladesh

Page last updated on Tue Sep 24 18:19:02 2019 (Mountain Standard Time)


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© Dr. Günther Eichhorn
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